Today, the vast amount of diverse life that can be found in forests is evidenced by the startling statistics that accompany any analysis of a rainforest.Although only covering 6% of the planet's surface, these lush green, often tropical masses contain around 50% of Earth's plant and animal species. In one square km of rainforest, you can often find more types of life than can be found in an equivalent 1,000 km2 in colder, more northern climes.All forests are great collectors and storerooms of water. Their root structure holds together the soil, and their leaf litter gets broken down and combined with minerals to form the equivalent of gigantic sponges - slowly releasing water into surrounding areas at a dependable rate.A forest is home to many types of plants, which are the food source for many animals, which in turn, are sources of food for other animals.
Shelter is the last of the triumvirate. Trees take on the worst (and the best) of the elements: wind, sun, rain.
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